Eco-Bb now has an emergency registration for use against False Codling Moth (FCM) on citrus, avocados, litchis, stone fruits, table grapes, and pomegranates in South Africa. Several registration trials have shown excellent results. Further registration trials are ongoing.
False codling moth
False codling moth (FCM, Thaumatotibia (Cryptophlebia) leucotreta) is a major pest of citrus and other commercial fruit in South Africa which causes extensive financial loss each year. This is due to pre- and post-harvest fruit loss, rejection of export shipments and trade barriers due to the quarantine status of the pest. From 1 January 2018 FCM will be a regulated pest in the European Union (EU).
FCM infests all stages of fruit development. Females lay eggs directly onto the fruit and newly hatched larvae penetrate the fruit, feeding internally and emerging after a month to pupate in the orchard soil.
For successful control of FCM, a multi-disciplinary or Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach is recommended due to the nature of the pest, its propensity to develop resistance to chemical pesticides, and the phytosanitary status of the pest in exported fruits. Ideally, control measures should be applied preventatively, along with orchard sanitation, strict pest monitoring, and careful selection of pesticide treatments to manage resistance and to limit the impact on important beneficial insects. Biological control measures should be a key aspect of FCM control programs. Not only are they highly effective, but they are also less destructive to natural predators of the pest.
Eco-Bb should be applied as a full cover spray and repeated every 10-14 days or as part of an IPM programme. Eco-Bb spores germinate on the FCM larvae, penetrating the cuticle. The fungus grows inside of the insect, causing internal tissue destruction and death. Contact with Eco-Bb spores is sufficient to cause infection. Eco-Bb has the added benefit of suppressing other important insect pests such as red spider mite, whitefly, and others. Eco-Bb (sold as Bb-Protec™ in international markets) is OMRI certified and can be used for organic farming.
Eco-Bb for Safe and Effective FCM suppression
Independent trials on Citrus showed excellent results, with Eco-Bb performing similarly to the chemical standard and significantly reducing both fruit damage and mean larvae counts.
Several other registration trials on various crops have shown similarly impressive results.
For South African stockist information please contact our distribution partner, Madumbi Sustainable Agriculture.